Content - SAKK 41/16

SAKK 41/16 - Radio-chemotherapy improvement for locally advanced rectal cancer

In this trial, we investigate a radio-chemotherapy (with Capecitabine/Xeloda®) for locally advanced rectal cancer. This therapy is carried out before the tumor is removed in a surgery and represents the current standard therapy. Locally advanced cancer means that the tumor has spread but has not yet reached other organs. We conduct this trial to investigate the safety, tolerance and effect of the active agent regorafenib in combination with the above described standard therapy.

Regorafenib blocks many enzymes that are on the one hand important for the growth of cancer cells; on the other hand, they facilitate the nourishment of blood vessels. In that way, the development of the tumor is corrupted and cut of its nutrient supply. Moreover, there is evidence, routing from laboratory experiments, that regorafenib has the potential to inhibit the spread of tumor cells and therefore prevents the formation of new tumors. We hope to be able to support the shrinkage of the tumor by adding regorafenib to the standard therapy, in order to improve chances to completely remove tumor in a surgery.   

Study Chair:

Dr. med. Sara Bastian, Cantonal Hospital Graubünden, +41 81 256 68 84

  • Contacts at the hospitals

  • Inclusion criteria

    • Written informed consent according to Swiss law and ICH/GCP regulations before any trial specific procedures.
    • Histologically confirmed and clinically advanced adenocarcinoma. pStage 2 and 3 according AJCC 2012, mrT3/4 N0, mrTx N1-2 cM0 (assessed by mandatory CT scan thorax/abdomen, MRI pelvis). TNM classification; recommended MRI quality assurance.
    • Tumor is located in the lower and middle rectum (caudal end is defined at maximum of 12 cm from anal verge measured by endoscopy).
    • A multi-disciplinary tumor board recommends neoadjuvant radio-chemotherapy and surgery.
    • No DPD deficiency (Dihydro-pyrimidine-dehydrogenase DPD deficiency test mandatory). Carrier status of a predefined risk allele of the dihydro-pyrimidine-dehydrogenase gene (DPYD), defined as the presence of at least one of the following mutations: c.1679T>G, c.1905+1G>A, c.2846A>T, c.1129-5923C>G.
    • Age 18 to 75 years.
    • WHO performance status 0-1.
    • Adequate bone marrow function: neutrophils ≥ 1.5 x 109/L, platelets ≥ 100 x 109/L, hemoglobin ≥ 100 g/L.
    • Adequate hepatic and pancreatic function: bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN, AST/ALT/AP ≤ 2.5 x ULN, Lipase ≤ 1.5 x the ULN.
    • Adequate renal function (calculated creatinine clearance > 50 mL/min, according to the formula of Cockcroft-Gault).
    • INR ≤ 1.5 or PTT ≤ 1.5 x ULN (patients who are being therapeutically anticoagulated are not allowed to participate in the trial). If anti coagulation is indicated during trial treatment, low molecular weight heparin must be used.
    • Women with child-bearing potential are using effective contraception, are not pregnant and agree not to become pregnant during trial treatment and during the 8 weeks thereafter. A negative pregnancy test before inclusion into the trial is required for all women with child-bearing potential.
    • Men agree to use effective contraception during trial treatment and 8 weeks thereafter.
  • Exclusion criteria

    • History of hematologic or primary solid tumor malignancy, unless in remission for at least 3 years from registration with the exception of adequately treated cervical carcinoma in situ or localized non-melanoma skin cancer.
    • Concurrent or recent (within 30 days of registration) treatment with any other experimental drug.
    • Any prior treatment for rectal cancer.
    • Major surgery or significant traumatic injury within 28 days before registration (colostomy accepted).
    • Concomitant strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. clarithromycin, indinavir, itraconazole, ketoconazole, nefazodone, nelfinavir, posaconazole, ritonavir, saquinavir, telithromycin, voriconazole) or strong CYP3A4 inducers (e.g. carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin, rifampin, St. John's Wort) within 28 days or 5 drug half-lives (if drug half-life in patients is known), whichever is shorter, before start of trial treatment (see
    • Severe or uncontrolled cardiovascular disease (congestive heart failure NYHA II-IV; see Appendix 5), unstable angina pectoris, history of myocardial infarction within the last six months, serious arrhythmias requiring medication (with exception of atrial fibrillation or paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia), significant QT-prolongation (QTc interval >460 msec), uncontrolled hypertension (sustained systolic blood pressure > 150 mm Hg and/or diastolic > 100 mm Hg despite antihypertensive therapy).
    • Patients with evidence or history of any bleeding diathesis, irrespective of severity.
    • Any hemorrhage or bleeding event ≥ CTCAE Grade 3 within 4 weeks prior to the start of trial medication.
    • Significant proteinuria: Positive dipstick 2+ and greater if proteinuria ≥ 3.5g/24 h measured by urine protein-creatinine ratio is confirmed (≥ Grade 3, NCI-CTCAE v 4.0).
    • Patients with known hepatopathy as cirrhosis or diseases like Morbus Gilbert Meulengracht.
    • Interstitial lung disease with ongoing signs and symptoms at the time of informed consent.
    • Known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or active chronic Hepatitis C or Hepatitis B Virus infection or any uncontrolled active systemic infection requiring intravenous (iv) antimicrobial treatment.
    • Lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract or malabsorption syndrome.
    • History of organ allografts.
    • Known hypersensitivity to any of the trial drugs, trial drug classes, or excipients in the formulation.
    • Breast-feeding patients.
    • Any concomitant drugs contraindicated for use with the trial drugs according to the Swissmedic approved product information.
    • Any other serious underlying medical, psychiatric, psychological, familial or geographical condition, which in the judgment of the investigator may interfere with the planned staging, treatment and follow-up, affect patient compliance or place the patient at high risk from treatment-related complications.

Locations for this trial:

Universitätsspital Basel
Petersgraben 4
0 4031 Basel
St. Claraspital AG
Kleinriehenstrasse 30
0 4058 Basel
Kantonsspital Luzern
0 6000 Luzern
Kantonsspital Graubünden
Loëstrasse 170
7000 Chur
Kantonsspital St. Gallen
Rorschacher Strasse 95
0 9007 St. Gallen
UniversitätsSpital Zürich
Rämistrasse 100
0 8091 Zürich
Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève HUG
Rue Gabrielle-Perret-Gentil 4
0 1205 Genève